Selected Works

Manual of Constraints
13 Writhing Machines will serve, when complete, as a comprehensive manual of constrained writing practices, some of them invented by the Oulipo, but with many others besides.
Fabulist Fiction
These three novels are set in a world more visibly enchanted than this one and examine the various kinds of charm involved. I wanted to explore the impact of the Imaginary on history, politics, the general behavior of human animals.
Travel memoir
relates the struggles to adapt of two Americans living overseas, and of the two chameleons who came to share their habitat.
Animal fiction
This novel tests the power to recreate oneself through metamorphosis against the power of fate.
Two young bears go on a pleasure trip to a city inhabited by many kinds of animal, but find themselves in danger: Bargeton is threatened by invasion from without, civil war within.
The two young bears are caught up in a night of riot and confusion.
Collection of tales.
Versions and subversions of medieval beast-fables and fabliaux.

The Writhing Society

Daniel Levin Becker attacks the "eodermdrome" at The Writhing Society.

In April 2009 Wendy Walker and I began the WRITHING SOCIETY, a constrained-writing salon at the Proteus Gowanus Gallery and Reading Room in Brooklyn. Since Proteus Gowanus closed, we have met twice twice monthly at the homes of committed writhers, but our sessions are still open to everyone, and we welcome newcomers. We meet on Wednesdays from 7 – 9 pm. There is no fee for attending. Anyone can walk in; no reservations needed, nor any prior experience, only a delight in language and a willingness to play. We explain what needs explaining, but this isn't a class, so minimal instruction. There is no set sequence of topics; we do whatever seems most interesting on any given night and do not follow any sort of syllabus. Usually we write, but from time to time we try out constraints in visual or visual-verbal composition. Often the leaders only sketch out an idea for a constraint, and the writhers refine or reinvent it. We often engage in collaborative composition, passing work around the table for others to extend. And we always read aloud what we've written, not for critique as in a writing workshop, but because in this sort of writing the listener often finds a sense that had escaped the writer, who comes away liking the work better for having been shown that meaning.

Posts go out (usually on Tuesdays) from our google group, to announce the constraint to be practiced at our next meeting. To enroll in that group, please send an email to writhingsociety@​ When you see what we're going to do, you can choose if you'd like to attend or not, or you can do it on your own.

What is constrained writing? When Georges Perec of OULIPO wrote La Disparition, he did not use the letter E; this was his constraint. Constrained writing involves composing text by imposing rules that are invented and arbitrary. It is a surrender of control, it requires taking directions from something outside your own immediate intention. Writers are compelled to say what they had never thought to say in ways they never would have chosen to say it. It is a method for making sense differently; for escaping stale, ready-made ideas, subjects, and formulations; for creating many and various alternative realities and discovering what is true in them.

We draw inspiration from several sources, most importantly the French group OULIPO — Italo Calvino, Georges Perec, Harry Mathews, Raymond Queneau, Jacques Roubaud, Ian Monk, Michèle Métail — and from others practicing similar methods: Raymond Roussel, Gilbert Sorrentino, Doug Nufer, Tom Phillips, Ronald Johnson, Jen Bervin. Please join us!


The Writhing Society from time to time has contemplated practicing a "drift" ("dérive") through the Gowanus district. About the last industrial zone in west Brooklyn, with Cobble Hill, Carroll Gardens, and Park Slope nibbling at its edges, as well as the big-box stores, the Gowanus is centered on the famously polluted canal, now a Superfund site. Proteus Gowanus, where the Society meets, stands on the edge of the canal and has dedicated part of its space to the Hall of the Gowanus: art, artifacts, and books about the district. We would like to add to that a "psychogeographical map."

The Situationists of Europe and especially France in the 1950s and 60s invented the concept of the drift as a way of exploring the experience (as opposed to the "spectacle") offered by an urban neighborhood. Registering all kinds of information from the sensual to the sociological, "drifters" moved through a district in order to see which directions were inviting and which were aversive, and why. They did so particularly in Paris at a time when massive "urban renewal" was being proposed and enacted (the destruction of Les Halles, e.g.). Since the Gowanus faces similar change — the cleaning up of the canal will be instantly followed by the invasion of the developers, who see the potential to create a charming new-world Venice in Brooklyn, with condos and the rest of it, we have felt we should act soon to document what experiences the district offers now.

The Situationists also invented the "psychogeographical map" as a way of recording their results. We would like to do the same, in several media, including writing, drawing, photography, mapping, pressed flowers from the area, other natural-historical observations, film, dance, music, song….

A large project; we may never get to it, but if you're interested in participating, let me know. My contact info is below.

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